The electric car or electric vehicle concept is not really new but yet the awareness about these cars is yet to be raised. Technological advancements are not confined to mobile phones or smart computers but vehicles are part of the game.
Electric Cars Working Principle:
It is a combination of electric motors that propel it and rechargeable batteries which stores energy. An electric car is an environment-friendly automobile that was introduced in the 1880s. They enjoyed the status of most popular cars in the late 19th and early 20th century until gasoline vehicles captured the market. Gasoline vehicles were cheap in price. However, these vehicles were criticized due to causing harm to the environment. Hence, 2008 was the year of rebirth of electric vehicles with advanced and environment-friendly batteries.
Why We Should Move On To Electric Cars Instead Of Traditional Cars?
We are living in the digital era, looking into the future regarding electric vehicles is becoming inevitable. People are anticipating a future where roads will be populated with electric vehicles. Rechargeable battery-cars are now favorites of big giants of the automobile market. Established and new automakers are eyeing at coming up with a high tech EV that can operate on an increased charged. It is expected that upcoming EVs would run for approx. 400 miles with a full charge of kilowatts. This implies that customers and EV lovers should anticipate an electric car with the top-shelf performance and stunning yet stylish designs.
The year 2019 has already seen and experienced the iPace crossover SUV which was earlier introduced by Jaguar with est. range of 298 miles. It has twin electric motors that produce 395 horsepower within just 4.5 seconds.
Have a look at the upcoming best electric cars to buy in 2020!
1. Aston Martin Rapide E.
This brilliant and outstanding electric car is expected to be unveiled by the renowned sports-car maker of the British in 2020. This car model is anticipated to run for over 200 miles on a charge with reaching 60 mph within four seconds.
2. Kia Soul:
Many would-bes are familiar with Kia Soul. However, the more advanced yet funky design is launching in 2020. It is having a new 64 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery pack with an expected range of 225 miles which is said to be a considerable improvement in the redesigned model.
3. Mini Electric:
This Mini electric car is expected to be having a range of 200 miles with the Copper Coupe. It is said that it shares technology with the BMW i3.
4. Volkswagen ID.3:
This electric car will be available in the market in the summer of 2020. Having a range of approx. 250 miles is said to be having a fast charger. This car is significant regarding batteries, as it has 2 levels of batteries. One is 45kWh battery which offers a range of 205 miles whereas the other battery is 77kWh with the range of 342 miles. It also provides enough space for passengers and a choice of two power levels for customers.
5. Tesla Model 3:
This EV comes with dual motors. Many people customers, in fact, automobile markets are eagerly waiting for this car to be launched. Electric car enthusiasts can’t contain the excitement to have a hand on experience with Tesla Model 3. With dual motors, it has a range of approx. 258 to 359 miles and said to be standing out in electric cars for its futuristic interior, updated software and superfast charging features.
6. Mercedes-Benz EQC:
And finally, Mercedes is getting back into the game of EVs by initially introducing a new batch of specially branded battery-powered cars in the U.S. It will have twins or a pair of electric motors which will produce 400 horsepower. The operating range of these branded EVs by Mercedes is said to be 279 miles on a charge. The 400 horsepower will enable these Electric cars a run of 0-60 mph within five seconds.
7. Rivian R1T:
The upcoming Electric car has a sleek futuristic design. It is reported to have a range of 400 miles while reaching 60mph within three seconds only. It will be followed by an SUV version which will be known as R1S.
8. Porsche Taycan:
Porsche Taycan will be introduced in the market with ultra-sleek driving experience. The four-door sports car will be having a range of 300 miles with two synchronous batteries. These motors will generate 600 horsepower enabling these electric cars to reach 60 mph in 3.5 seconds only.
9. Mercedes-Benz eSprinter:
It will be a redeemed model of the commercial van for the year 2020. A full-fledged electric design will be introduced with this model.
10. Bollinger B1:
The Bollinger is a known electric car maker that has designed Bollinger B1 EVs models for 2020. It will have a boxy-look electric sports car. These cars have been built on an aluminum frame, promising a range of 200 miles while reaching 60mph in 4.5 seconds.
Do electric cars use oil?
No, electric cars do not use oil as they are powered by electricity stored in a battery pack. Unlike traditional gas-powered vehicles, electric cars do not have an internal combustion engine that requires oil for lubrication and cooling purposes. However, some electric cars may still use small amounts of oil for components such as the transmission, which are not powered by electricity. Additionally, the production and disposal of electric car batteries can have environmental impacts that may involve the use of oil and other resources.
Are electric cars worth it?
Whether or not an electric car is worth it depends on your individual circumstances and priorities. Here are some factors to consider:
- Environmental Impact: Electric cars produce zero emissions while driving, making them a great option if reducing your carbon footprint is a priority.
- Lower Operating Costs: Electric cars typically have lower fuel and maintenance costs compared to gas-powered vehicles. Electricity is generally cheaper than gasoline, and electric cars require less maintenance due to their simpler powertrain.
- Range Anxiety: Electric cars have a limited range and require charging infrastructure to be available for longer trips. If you frequently drive long distances, an electric car may not be the best choice for you.
- Upfront Cost: Electric cars can have a higher upfront cost than gas-powered vehicles, although prices have been coming down in recent years.
- Incentives: Depending on where you live, there may be government incentives available for purchasing an electric car, such as tax credits or rebates.
Overall, electric cars can be a great option for many people, especially if you have access to charging infrastructure and prioritize reducing your environmental impact. However, it\’s important to weigh the costs and benefits and determine if an electric car is the best fit for your needs and budget.
How do electric cars work?
Electric cars use an electric motor powered by a battery pack to drive the wheels, instead of a traditional internal combustion engine that burns gasoline. Here\’s a step-by-step breakdown of how electric cars work:
- Charging the Battery: Electric cars are powered by a large battery pack that needs to be charged before use. This can be done using a charging station or a standard electrical outlet.
- Powering the Motor: Once the battery is charged, the electric motor uses electricity from the battery to turn the wheels and propel the car forward.
- Regenerative Braking: When the driver presses the brake pedal, the electric motor switches into a \”generator\” mode, converting the car\’s kinetic energy back into electricity to recharge the battery. This is called regenerative braking, and it helps extend the car\’s range.
- Dashboard and Controls: Electric cars have a dashboard that displays important information such as battery charge level, estimated range, and driving mode. Some electric cars also have features like regenerative braking controls or the ability to precondition the car\’s interior temperature remotely.
- Charging Stations: Electric cars require charging infrastructure to be available for longer trips. This infrastructure can include public charging stations or private charging stations installed at home.
Overall, electric cars operate similarly to gas-powered vehicles, but they use an electric motor powered by a battery instead of a traditional gasoline-powered engine.
Do electric cars have transmissions?
Electric cars do not have transmissions in the traditional sense of a multi-gear mechanical transmission like you would find in a gas-powered vehicle. The electric motor in an electric car has a much broader torque curve, allowing it to produce maximum torque from a standstill, so there is no need for a gearbox to switch between gears as the car speeds up or slows down.
Instead, electric cars use a single-speed transmission or a direct drive system, which transfers power from the electric motor to the wheels. This simplifies the drivetrain and helps to reduce maintenance costs. Some electric cars may have a two-speed gearbox, but this is less common and is used mainly to improve efficiency or extend range.
Overall, electric cars do not need a transmission in the same way that gas-powered vehicles do because their electric motor has a different power delivery and doesn\’t require multiple gears to transfer power to the wheels.
Do electric cars need oil changes?
No, electric cars do not need oil changes as they do not have an internal combustion engine that requires oil for lubrication and cooling purposes. The electric motor in an electric car uses magnets to create motion, which eliminates the need for oil-based lubrication.
However, some electric cars may still have components that require oil changes, such as the gearbox or differential. These components are not powered by electricity and operate much like they do in gas-powered vehicles. The frequency of oil changes for these components may be less than in a traditional gas-powered car since electric vehicles generally require less maintenance overall.
In general, electric cars require less maintenance than gas-powered vehicles, which can save owners money and reduce the environmental impact of routine maintenance. However, it\’s important to consult the vehicle\’s owner\’s manual or speak with a certified mechanic to determine the specific maintenance needs of your electric car.
Types of electric cars
There are several types of electric cars available today, including:
- Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs): These cars are powered entirely by an electric motor and a battery pack. They have no internal combustion engine and produce zero emissions while driving.
- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): These cars have both an electric motor and a traditional gasoline engine. They can run on electricity alone for a limited range, and then switch to the gasoline engine when the battery is depleted. They produce lower emissions than traditional gas-powered cars but not as low as BEVs.
- Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs): These cars have an electric motor and a gasoline engine that work together to power the car. The gasoline engine charges the battery and provides additional power when needed. They produce lower emissions than traditional gas-powered cars but not as low as BEVs.
- Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs): These cars use a fuel cell to generate electricity from hydrogen, which powers an electric motor. They emit only water and heat as byproducts and have a longer range than BEVs, but the infrastructure for hydrogen fueling is not as widely available as electric charging stations.
- Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs): These are small electric vehicles that are designed for short trips in low-speed areas, such as campuses or neighborhoods. They are not suitable for highway driving and have a limited range.
These are some of the most common types of electric cars, each with its own strengths and limitations. The type of electric car that\’s right for you will depend on your driving habits, budget, and priorities.
Will electric cars transform workforce?
he transition to electric cars is likely to have an impact on the workforce in several ways, both positive and negative. Here are some potential ways that electric cars could transform the workforce:
- New Jobs: As the production and use of electric cars increases, new jobs are likely to be created in manufacturing, sales, and support services. This could include jobs in battery manufacturing, electric motor production, charging station installation and maintenance, and electric vehicle servicing.
- Fewer Jobs in Traditional Auto Manufacturing: As electric cars become more common, there may be a decline in the demand for traditional gas-powered vehicles, which could lead to job losses in the manufacturing, sales, and servicing of gas-powered cars.
- New Skills and Training: The transition to electric cars may require workers to learn new skills and receive additional training to work with electric vehicle technology, battery systems, and charging infrastructure.
- Changes in Supply Chain: The shift to electric cars could also affect the supply chain for automotive parts, with a greater demand for batteries, electric motors, and other components used in electric cars.
- Potential for Disruption: The shift to electric cars could disrupt the existing automotive industry and lead to job losses in the short term, but it could also create new opportunities for growth and innovation in the long term.
Do electric cars have catalytic converters?
No, electric cars do not have catalytic converters. Catalytic converters are a part of the exhaust system in traditional gas-powered cars and are used to reduce the emissions of harmful pollutants like carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and hydrocarbons.
Electric cars do not produce exhaust emissions, as they do not have a traditional internal combustion engine. Instead, they are powered by an electric motor that runs on electricity stored in a battery. This means that electric cars do not require a catalytic converter or any other type of emission control system.
However, it\’s worth noting that the production of electricity used to power electric cars may produce emissions, depending on how the electricity is generated. If the electricity comes from renewable sources like solar or wind, then the emissions associated with electric cars are very low. If the electricity is generated from fossil fuels like coal or natural gas, then the emissions associated with electric cars will be higher.