When working with linear equations, finding the y-intercept can be an essential step in understanding the behavior of the line. The y-intercept is the point where the line crosses the y-axis. It is represented as (0, b), where b is the y-coordinate of the intercept. In this article, we will discuss how to find the y-intercept when given two points on a line.

## Step 1: Identify the Two Points

The first step is to identify the two points that are given to you. Let’s say the two points are (x1, y1) and (x2, y2). These points represent the coordinates on the line.

## Step 2: Calculate the Slope

Next, we need to calculate the slope of the line using the formula:

slope = (y2 – y1) / (x2 – x1)

The slope represents the rate at which the line is rising or falling. It tells us how much the y-coordinate changes for every unit increase in the x-coordinate.

## Step 3: Use the Slope-Intercept Form

The slope-intercept form of a linear equation is given by:

y = mx + b

Where m represents the slope and b represents the y-intercept. Since we have the slope from step 2, we can substitute it into the equation:

y = slope * x + b

## Step 4: Substitute One of the Points

Now, we can substitute one of the points (x1, y1) into the equation from step 3. This will allow us to solve for the y-intercept, b. Let’s use (x1, y1) as our point:

y1 = slope * x1 + b

By rearranging the equation, we can solve for b:

b = y1 – slope * x1

## Step 5: Find the Y-Intercept

Finally, we can substitute the value of b back into the slope-intercept form of the equation to find the y-intercept:

y = slope * x + b

Now we have the equation of the line in slope-intercept form, which includes the y-intercept.

Let’s work through an example to illustrate these steps:

Example:

Given the points (2, 5) and (4, 9), we can follow the steps to find the y-intercept:

Step 1: Identify the Two Points

(x1, y1) = (2, 5)

(x2, y2) = (4, 9)

Step 2: Calculate the Slope

slope = (9 – 5) / (4 – 2) = 2

Step 3: Use the Slope-Intercept Form

y = 2x + b

Step 4: Substitute One of the Points

5 = 2 * 2 + b

Step 5: Find the Y-Intercept

b = 5 – 4 = 1

Therefore, the equation of the line is y = 2x + 1, and the y-intercept is 1.

By following these steps, you can easily find the y-intercept when given two points on a line. Understanding the y-intercept is crucial in analyzing linear equations and their graphs. It provides insight into the behavior of the line and helps in solving various mathematical problems.