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Can Horses Eat Tomatoes?


As an equine owner, it’s important to provide your horse with a balanced and nutritious diet. While horses primarily consume hay, grass, and grains, you may wonder if it’s safe to offer them other types of food, such as tomatoes. In this article, we will explore whether horses can eat tomatoes and discuss the potential risks and benefits associated with feeding them this particular fruit.

Can Horses Eat Tomatoes?

The short answer is yes, horses can eat tomatoes. Tomatoes are generally safe for equines to consume in moderation. However, it’s important to note that not all parts of the tomato plant are safe for horses to eat. The ripe fruit itself is safe, but the leaves, stems, and green, unripe tomatoes contain a substance called solanine, which can be toxic to horses.

Potential Risks

While ripe tomatoes are generally safe for horses, it’s crucial to be aware of the potential risks associated with feeding them this fruit. As mentioned earlier, the green, unripe parts of the tomato plant contain solanine, which can cause digestive upset, diarrhea, and even colic in horses. Therefore, it’s best to avoid feeding your horse any part of the tomato plant other than the ripe fruit.

Nutritional Benefits

Tomatoes are a rich source of vitamins and minerals that can be beneficial for horses. They contain vitamin C, which plays a vital role in supporting the immune system and promoting overall health. Additionally, tomatoes are a good source of antioxidants, which help protect the body against harmful free radicals. However, it’s important to note that horses can obtain these nutrients from their regular diet, and tomatoes should not be considered a necessary addition to their feeding routine.

Feeding Tomatoes to Horses

If you decide to feed your horse tomatoes, it’s essential to do so in moderation. Introduce small amounts gradually and observe how your horse reacts. Some horses may develop allergies or sensitivities to certain foods, including tomatoes. If you notice any signs of digestive upset or adverse reactions, discontinue feeding tomatoes immediately and consult your veterinarian.

When offering tomatoes to your horse, it’s crucial to remove any leaves, stems, or unripe parts of the fruit to eliminate the risk of solanine toxicity. Wash the tomatoes thoroughly to remove any pesticides or chemicals that may be present on the skin. You can slice the ripe tomatoes into small pieces and mix them with your horse’s regular feed or offer them as a treat.


In conclusion, horses can eat ripe tomatoes in moderation. However, it’s important to avoid feeding them the leaves, stems, or unripe parts of the tomato plant due to the presence of solanine, which can be toxic to horses. While tomatoes offer some nutritional benefits, they should not be considered a necessary component of a horse’s diet. As always, it’s best to consult with your veterinarian before introducing any new food into your horse’s feeding routine.

Remember, the health and well-being of your horse should always be the top priority, and providing a balanced diet based on their specific nutritional needs is essential for their overall health and happiness.

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